|Chateau de Cautine was built in the 17th century.
The Barons of Cautine were the allies of the powerful Viscounts of Turenne and the lands of Cautine extended over thousands of acres.
They were a typical family of rural nobility and the Baroness resided at the Chateau until the late 1980’s when it was inherited by her nephew.
Chateau de Cautine is a typical property of the time, in original condition, with many features within the house, barns, outbuildings and chapel that have remained untouched for years.
The chateau is three kilometres from Saint Privat, the capital of the white Xaintre, so named because it receives the first snows in winter. ‘La Xaintre’, means the place of the saints.
The first Christian churches appeared here in the 4th century and since the 11th century it has been famous for the creation and worship of saints which was a practice disapproved of by the church at the time. There are numerous stone crosses throughout the area as testament to this devotion.
As one of the main routes to Santiago de Compostella, the area is steeped in the history of pilgrims who have travelled through here from all over Europe since the beginning of the second millennium.
In prehistoric times, the first civilisations of the Mousterin period populated the area (100,000 to 33,000 years ago). Nearby are two world-class archaeological sites linked to this period: La Chapelle aux Saints, site of the discovery of the oldest Neanderthal man, and the cave paintings of Lescaux (see also ‘things to do’).
From the 10th century BC, these lands were occupied by the Ligurians who were one of the first farming civilisations and later by the Gauls, mentioned in Caesar’s commentaries of his 'seventh campaign'.
This part of France belonged to Richard the Lionheart, the Duke of Aquitane, in the 13th century. It was here that he was mortally wounded in battle. In the 17th century, the wars between the Huguenots and the Catholics were fought with particular intensity in this area. There are many historical sites nearby relating to events of these periods.